Research shows that paddling children can have harmful, adverse effects on child development.
Spanking and Child Development: We Know Enough Now To Stop Hitting Our Children. Gershoff, E. , 2013 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3768154/pdf/nihms-488975.pdf
Corporal Punishment in U.S. Public Schools: Prevalence, Disparities in Use, and Status in State and Federal Policy, 2016
Brookings Institute Report: Schools, black children, and corporal punishment. 2016
Civil Rights Data Collection, EDU.gov http://ocrdata.ed.gov/StateNationalEstimations/Estimations_2011_12
Corporal Punishment in Schools and Its Effect on Academic Success Joint HRW/ACLU Statement, 2010